Explain at least one of the seven explanatory virtues – Essaylink

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With reference to this week’s reading assignment from the text, explain at least one of the “seven explanatory virtues,” and see if you can think of an example to illustrate it.

Explain at least one of the seven explanatory virtues

With reference to this week’s reading assignment from the text, explain at least one of the “seven explanatory virtues,” and see if you can think of an example to illustrate it.
Why do you think philosophers of logic refer to these as virtues. Why are they so important in critical thinking?

More details;

Explanations help us to understand why something happened, not simply convince us that something happened. There is a typical kind of inductive argument that takes the best explanation. This is why x occurred as an argument for the claim that x occurred. The immediate inference you would probably make is that someone broke the window of your car and stole your iPod. What makes this a reasonable assumption? What makes it a reasonable inference is that this explanation explains all the relevant facts (broken window, missing iPod) and does so better than any other competing reason. In this case, it is perhaps possible that a stray baseball broke your window. Since (let us suppose) there is no baseball diamond close by. People don’t play catch in the parking garage you are parked in. 

Moreover, the baseball scenario doesn’t explain why the iPod is gone.

Or perhaps a dog jumped into the window that was broken by a stray baseball and ate your iPod. These are all possibilities, but they are remote and thus much less likely explanations of the facts at hand. The much better reason is that a thief both broke the window and took the iPod. This explanation explains all the relevant facts only (i.e., it was the thief responsible for both things). This kind of thing is (unfortunately) not uncommon—it happens to other people at other times and places.

Inference to the best explanation is a form of inductive argument whose premises are a set of observed facts, a hypothesis that explains those observed facts, and a comparison of competing explanations, and whose conclusion is that the theory is true. The example we’ve just been discussing is an inference to the best answer. 

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