Chicago Style

Chicago Style Format

The Chicago format is one of the most widely used style manuals. It contains comprehensive instructions for formatting, referencing, and citing works that ought to be published. In this article, the expert team from CheapEssayWriting-Service will share exhaustive information on the Chicago Manual of Style with a detailed guide on how to format a Chicago style paper. Keep reading to learn how to write in Chicago/Turabian style with ease.

What is Chicago Style?

The Chicago Manual of Style is a collection of formatting, reference, and citing guidelines that are applied to American English-language works published in historical or social science journals. The University of Chicago Press created the manual and its first edition was published in 1906. It is currently on the 17th edition at the time this article was written.

Need Help With FORMATTING?

To write an original paper, we only need to know your requirements.

Format My Paper For Me

These guidelines were created for professionals in social science who publish articles in magazines and journals. Turabian format is an alternative to Chicago style, which is more suited for students and researchers. This format has slightly different formatting requirements and requirements for citing academic papers. This style is also applicable to papers in the social sciences, such as History, Business and Fine Art.

Contrary to many other formats the Chicago Manual of Style recommends that authors use two systems for citing sources: The Notes-Bibliography System (or Author-Date System)

Notes-Bibliography involves placing footnotes with numbers in the text and shortened versions at the bottom. The complete citations will then be gathered on a separate Bibliography Page at the end. This method is most popular for documents within the humanities.

This second method, called the Author-Date System requires that authors include parenthetical references in the text following a quote or other borrowed information. In parentheses, citations should include the author’s last name, the year it was published, as well as the page on which the information you used is found in the source. Each citation must have a reference page at the end. The Author-Date System, unlike the Notes-Bibliography system, is used to date papers in social sciences and sciences.

It was stated that the Chicago style is interrelated with Turabian, a style manual. It is a referencing system and citing system that was based on Chicago style. This format was named for its creator, Kate Turabian from the University of Chicago. This format is used most frequently for writing papers in the social sciences, such as Economics.

Get help with your complex tasks from our writing experts

When you have no idea what to do with your written assignments, use a reliable paper writing service. Now you don’t need to worry about the deadlines, grades, or absence of ideas. Place an order on our site to get original papers for a low price.

Order Now

What is the Difference Between Chicago Styles and Turabian Styles?

Kate Turabian, a Chicago-style writer for students and researchers, adapted it. The main difference between the Turabian and Chicago styles is that they are simpler, shorter, more flexible, and have fewer requirements. It doesn’t include any publishing instructions, as the Chicago style is for professionals. The Turabian style was designed to help students write essays and papers. However, the majority of the Chicago paper formatting guidelines would apply to a Turabian-style paper. This article will help you write in both styles.

What are the key elements of a Chicago format paper document? Both Turabian and Chicago styles require that an author divides his document into three parts: the Title Page (cover), the Main Body and the Bibliography.

General Rules

This is a list with general guidelines that can be used for every Chicago style essay.

  • Font: The preferred fonts for clear and easy reading are Courier or Times New Roman.
  • Font Size: No less than 10pt is a good size, but 12pt is a better choice.
  • Space: Doubled everywhere, except in block quotes, table titles and notes.
  • Spaces between paragraphs: None
  • Margin: Not less that 1″
  • Chicago Style Page Numbers are: Placed in the upper right corner of every page, excluding the title page. The first page of the main body should therefore be numbered at 1.
  • Footnotes: Paraphrased or quoted passages should be assigned if you are using the Notes-Bibliography technique.

Need Someone to Format Your Paper?

Our best essay writing service can be accessed online to help students around the globe with their writing and citation needs.

 

Get help with your complex tasks from our writing experts

When you have no idea what to do with your written assignments, use a reliable paper writing service. Now you don’t need to worry about the deadlines, grades, or absence of ideas. Place an order on our site to get original papers for a low price.

Order Now

Chicago Style Cover Page

Your title page or cover page is your main introduction. Spacing is a crucial aspect. You can ask your teacher for more details about how to structure your title pages, but these are the basic guidelines on how to create a Chicago cover page.

  • Place the title of the article or paper one-third below the top of each page, and center it.
  • The title of the document should be followed by the author’s information and date (all placed several lines lower than the title).
  • All are double-spaced
  • You may also need to add a subtitle. To do this, place a colon after the title and then type the subtitle in the next line.

Note: Although all Chicago style documents should include a title page (this rule does not apply to Turabian style papers). These style guidelines may require that academic papers include a title page. If your professor requires you to include a cover page, then the above rules apply.

Get more info about: «HOW TO FORMAT AN ESSAY»

Chicago Style in Text Citation

Main Body

The Chicago Style Paper’s main body is the largest part. It is where the authors share their main ideas on a particular topic. The Chicago Manual of Style recommends a list of requirements that should be applied to the main text.

  • The capitalization of titles in the paper, notes and bibliography should be done in headline style.
  • Italicize or use quotation marks to indicate the type of work that the titles are referring to in the paper, notes and bibliography.
  • Titles for larger works (including periodicals) must be in italics.
  • Shorter works (including chapters and articles) should be placed in quotation marks
  • Titles for most poems must be placed in double quotation marks
  • Titles for longer poems should be in italics
  • Titles of plays should be in italicized
  • In all other cases, you should use a minimal approach to capitalization. Don’t use quotation marks or italics for no reason. Use lowercase if you don’t need it.
  • Block quotes are important when quoting. Blocking a quote that is more than five lines long is advisable for prose. This article provides more information about block quotes.

Get help with your complex tasks from our writing experts

When you have no idea what to do with your written assignments, use a reliable paper writing service. Now you don’t need to worry about the deadlines, grades, or absence of ideas. Place an order on our site to get original papers for a low price.

Order Now

Chicago Style Heading

The Chicago Manual of Style doesn’t give authors any guidelines regarding how to format headings and subheadings within a document. It does however make a few suggestions:

  • All subheadings should be placed on a new line.
  • Follow a headline-capitalization style.
  • Ensure consistency and parallel structure in all headings.
  • Authors may use different font sizes to distinguish subheadings.
  • It is not recommended to end subheadings using periods.
  • A maximum of three levels should be allowed for hierarchy.
  • All levels must be consistent and clearly defined.
  • Authors may choose to use different fonts, bold, italics or other placements on the page in order to distinguish between levels of hierarchy (preferably flush left or center).

Turabian offers more guidelines than the Chicago Manual of Style for formatting headings and subheadings. This system is recommended, but not required. The table below contains a complete list of formatting suggestions for each level of headings.

Level of Hierarchy Suggested Format
1 Capitalization for headlines, bold or italic.
2 Headline-style capitalization, regular, centered
3 Capitalization for headlines, bold or italic, flush right

These are just a few examples of various levels headings:

Level 1 Postmodern Literature

Level 2 Key Directions and Techniques

Level 3 Historiographic Content

 

Get help with your complex tasks from our writing experts

When you have no idea what to do with your written assignments, use a reliable paper writing service. Now you don’t need to worry about the deadlines, grades, or absence of ideas. Place an order on our site to get original papers for a low price.

Order Now

Chicago Style in-Text Citation

The system you’re using will determine how you format each Chicago style citation. You will need to include numbered footnotes for the Notes-Bibliography System. This will be covered in the article.

These rules should be followed for Author-Date System Citations:

  • In parentheses, the last name of the author, publication date, and page number should be included.
  • Between the author’s lastname and the publication date, punctuation marks must not be used.
  • Abbreviations are not allowed.
  • Use a comma to separate the page number and date of publication.
  • In-text citations should include a short title of the source if there is no author.
  • Cite the source in its entirety after the last reference if you are citing multiple pages from the source.

Note: When you use Notes-Bibliography, a chicago-in-text citation must be placed in parentheses if it follows direct quotations. Paraphrasing information requires footnotes.

An example of an In-Text Chicago Manual of Style Citation: “That’s how the General discovered what the city knew already: not one, but several assassination plots were brewing against him, and his last supporters had been in the house trying to stop them.” (Garcia Marquez 1990. 18).

Chicago Block Quotes

Block quotations (also known as extracts) are used to create longer quotes. They can be five lines or more for prose and two lines or more for poetry. These quotes must be formatted differently.

These are the main rules to block Chicago style quotes:

  • Always start a new line with block quotes.
  • These passages should not be placed in quotation marks
  • Use the word processor’s indentation tool to insert block quotes.

Numbers and acronyms

For numbers less than 100, Chicago Style Format suggests that you use words rather than numerals. For numbers lower than 100, it is better to use words and not numerals. You would still need to use the numeral “15 pounds” if you are referring to a specific measurement (e.g.

For acronyms: Describe acronyms and explain what they mean the first time that you use them.

 

The acronym should be used alone from that point forward. You should never use acronyms or numerals at the beginning of sentences. Either rewrite the sentence to make the numeral or acronym appear elsewhere or write the entire phrase. For example, instead of “200 people answered the questions” or “Two hundred answered the questions”, use “We received 200 replies.”

 

Get help with your complex tasks from our writing experts

When you have no idea what to do with your written assignments, use a reliable paper writing service. Now you don’t need to worry about the deadlines, grades, or absence of ideas. Place an order on our site to get original papers for a low price.

Order Now

Chicago Style Bibliography: Footnotes & Endnotes

Notes-Bibliography is the preferred method. Both Turabian and Chicago writing styles require footnotes and endnotes when you cite external sources directly or paraphrase information. To cite your sources, use Author-Date style.

Chicago Style Footnotes

Footnotes are notes that are placed at the bottom or end of every page. Each Chicago footnote should be numbered. Its number should correspond with the number after a quote, passage or paraphrased piece. Chicago footnotes can fulfill any of these roles:

  • Paraphrased and quoted materials should be provided with a shorter citation.
  • Add notes or explanations to certain terms, phrases, and so on.
  • If necessary, provide background information
  • Provide links to external sources
  • Mention copyright permissions, etc.
  • Footnotes should be placed at the bottom.
  • Add a footnote to the page in which the information you are citing appears.
  • Each note should be numbered with the same number, placed after any quote or other piece.
  • Include all the following information when making a note about a source: Full name of author, source title and publication details.
  • If you are citing the same source again, the note only needs the surname of author, a shorter form of title (if it is longer than 4 words) and page numbers.
  • Citing the same page or source more than twice is permitted.

 

Chicago Style Endnotes

Endnotes for Chicago are similar to footnotes in that they serve the same purpose. Endnotes, on the other hand, are located at the end or end of a chapter, article, document, or page.

Endnotes can also be identified in the text’s main body with a small number. An author can then provide further information by adding a superscript number to the end of each paper.

Chicago Style Bibliography

No matter whether you use the Author-Date method or the Notes-Bibliography way of documenting sources. Your paper must have a page that contains all of your references. This page should be called References in Author-Date style. If you use the Notes-Bibliography method, name this page Bibliography. This page is usually the last one in a document. It must contain all bibliographical information about any external sources used in your work, both those that are cited in text and those in footnotes.

These are the rules for creating a Chicago style reference webpage:

  • You must include separate entries for each source used.
  • Every entry should start on a new line.
  • The title should be at the top of each page.
  • All entries must be listed alphabetically.

Get help with your complex tasks from our writing experts

When you have no idea what to do with your written assignments, use a reliable paper writing service. Now you don’t need to worry about the deadlines, grades, or absence of ideas. Place an order on our site to get original papers for a low price.

Order Now

Chicago Style Citations

Each Chicago style citation has four elements. They are the author’s information and the title of the source. The pages that contain the used information in the source. Finally, the publication details include the publisher’s name and journal name.

These are the general guidelines for creating citations in accordance with the Chicago style:

  • Authors’ names: List the last name and first name for each author.
  • Titles: Titles for longer works such as books or journals are in italicized. In quotation marks are titles of shorter works such as articles, chapters and poems.
  • Publication Information: First, the publisher is listed followed by the name of the journal.
  • Punctuation in Chicago Style Papers: All major elements are separated with periods.

Book (one author)

  • First footnote: Anastasia Rheinbay’s Dancing in Flight: My Journey as Artist. (New York: Penguin, 2014), 33-45.
  • Second footnote: Rheinbay Dancing in Flight 9.
  • Bibliography: Anastasia, Rheinbay. My Journey as an Artist: Dancing in Flight New York: Penguin, 2014.

Book (two- or more authors)

  • The first footnote is Inna P. Jam and Ryan Grist, How To Exist: How Not to Exist, 1999-2003 (New York, McGraw Hill 2002), 58.
  • The second footnote is James and Grist. Exist, 58.
  • In the bibliography: James and Inna P. How to Exist: How To Not Exist, 1999-2003. New York: McGraw Hill, 2002.

Translated book

First, identify the author. Then, the translator.

  • The first footnote is Kate Cassimer’s The Philosophy of Happiness, trans. Fritz C.A. Koelln, James P. Leston (New York, Beacon Press 1955), 14.
  • The second footnote is Cassimer, Kate. The Philosophy of Happiness. Fritz C.A. Koelln and James P.
  • Bibliography: Cassimer Kate. The Philosophy of Happiness. Fritz C.A. Koelln and James P. Leston. New York: Beacon Press, 1955.

Book Chapter (Part a book)

  • The first footnote is John D. Rockefeller’s “How I Made My Millions” in Easy To Be Rich: the First Man of Steel. 73.
  • The second footnote is Rockefeller’s “Made Millions”, 72-75.
  • In the bibliography: Rockefeller John D. “How My Millions Made.” In Easy To Be Rich : The First Man of Steel. 72-75. Chicago: University of Chicago Press 2010.

E-Book

  • The first footnote is Henry James, The Turn of the Screw, New York: Penguin Classics 2007, Kindle edition.
  • The second footnote is James, Turn of the Screw.
  • Bibliography: James, Henry. The Turn of the Screw. New York: Penguin Classics, 2007. Kindle edition.

Journal Article

Citing an article requires that you list pages in the footnotes, but the entire article be listed in the Bibliography.

  • First footnote: Aidan Novak’s “Transgender Journey” Men’s Health (58 2023): #238.
  • The second footnote is Novak, “Transgender Journey : woMan,” 52.
  • Novak, Aidan are listed in the bibliography. “Transgender Journey: woMan.” Men’s Health (2023): #238 52-60.

Website

Online sources, including scholarly articles, can be mentioned in text or as a comment. However, they are not included in the bibliography. Example: “As of December 2017, the wall that borders Mexico and the United States will have been built, as per the listing on the National United States Government Website …”).. It doesn’t need guidelines if a more formal citation would be required. If possible, include an access date and, if applicable, the date when the site was last modified.

  • First footnote: FDA Guidelines. Last modified May 18, 2011. Link
  • The second footnote is “FDA Guidelines”.

Need professional help to write a Brilliant Chicago Style Essay

This guide is intended to be a useful tool for anyone who needs to format a paper according to the Chicago Manual of Style. This article will provide you with all the necessary guidelines, tips, and recommendations to ensure that your paper is properly formatted. You can ask to write your essay or for any other assistance, such as editing and rewriting a paper.

Get help with your complex tasks from our writing experts

When you have no idea what to do with your written assignments, use a reliable paper writing service. Now you don’t need to worry about the deadlines, grades, or absence of ideas. Place an order on our site to get original papers for a low price.

Order Now